Education economy – Xing Wu Sun, 17 Oct 2021 19:57:45 +0000 en-US hourly 1 Education economy – Xing Wu 32 32 Barrick Gold Corporation – Mining’s Critical Role in Alleviating Poverty Sun, 17 Oct 2021 19:57:45 +0000

Mining is generally not associated with social development and poverty eradication, but mining is essential for reducing poverty and achieving many of the goals of the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals. This role becomes increasingly important as the world strives to reduce some of the worst impacts of the Covid-19 pandemic, which in less than two years has reversed decades of progress in the fight against poverty and threatens to grow up to 173 million more. people fall below the poverty line.

Each year, the United Nations International Day for the Eradication of Poverty raises awareness of the need to eradicate poverty and deprivation in all countries, which also aligns with the sustainable development goals of many mining companies. At Barrick, we firmly believe that the mining industry has a crucial role to play in eradicating poverty, but how is mining contributing to it?

Mines and money

Mining has been the main driver of economic development around the world. Its products are anchored in the life of every person, every day and in many ways; our way of life is based on the resources extracted from mining. The ability of the mining industry to make a significant immediate and long-term contribution to socio-economic growth is a function of vital importance in emerging countries and rural economies. Because of its scale, mining requires the development of significant infrastructure and creates thousands of direct jobs and provides more indirect opportunities, often in the least developed corners of developing countries. For example in 2020 Barrick:

  • Provided direct employment to 20,000 people in 13 countries. 97% of all employees and 80% of senior managers are nationals of the host country.
  • In addition, Barrick has more than 23,000 contractors who provide services across the group.
  • Paid $ 1.8 billion in taxes and royalties to host governments and $ 1.9 billion to employees.
  • Spend $ 4.5 billion to purchase goods and services from local suppliers and the host country.
  • Investing $ 27 million in community development programs designed to improve access to water, education, health care, food security and economic opportunities for local communities.
  • Provided an additional $ 30 million in Covid-19 support to local and host governments to support response efforts.
  • Taxes eventually paid in the Dominican Republic to accelerate the restart of local economic engines.

The cumulative impact is even greater, in Mali our operations have contributed $ 7.9 billion to the economy over the past 24 years and in the Dominican Republic we account for approximately 5% of annual tax revenue. In Papua New Guinea, we have paid over $ 1.7 billion in tax and excise revenue since 1990.

Break the cycle

We believe that the ability to create jobs, thrive economies and contribute to alternative livelihoods that could benefit many of those left behind by society is at the heart and a fundamental responsibility of any modern mining enterprise. . It is also not new to Barrick and it is one of the main ways of measuring our success as a company. We actively work to support local entrepreneurship in the communities in which we operate, and we work to monitor the impacts of the investments we make in our host communities, for example:

  • In Tanzania: In our North Mara mine, we helped Kemanyanki, a collective of young people, start a poultry business. They now sell hundreds of eggs every day to mine processors and the local community. This provided essential additional income, jobs and contributed to the food security of the local community. The collective is now seeking to capitalize on its success and launch its own microfinance fund to empower other local entrepreneurs.
  • In Argentina: We take advantage of the fertile valleys near our Veladero mine and have worked with local catering company ARAMARK to promote and increase local agricultural production, once again improving food security and providing additional income to local farmers.
  • In Nevada, United States: In 2020, we launched the I-80 Fund which provides low-interest loans to small businesses so they can keep their businesses afloat after Covid-19. All monies reimbursed are reinvested in local community investment programs promoting community benefits.
Q2 2021 results

Support education and gender initiatives

We know that education is one of the best routes out of poverty, which is why investing in education is one of our community development filters. Our investment in education begins, but certainly does not end with building schools and classrooms. We are taking it to the next level and working in partnership with education NGOs, such as World Education, to provide teacher training and support. These efforts have raised the success rates in local schools to 91%, compared to 64% for the region as a whole.

Most notable is the support we give to women, which we believe is the cornerstone of poverty reduction. The World Gold Council, through the Principles of Responsible Gold Mining (RGMP), identifies the need for increased support for women in mining and those living in host communities surrounding mines . Ending poverty also requires actors to recognize the gender-based discrimination and violence that has led to an increase in the feminization of poverty in developed and developing countries.

We are specifically providing an upliftment to women through initiatives such as women’s skills development and on-the-job training in Nevada, soap and jam making in Mali, and market gardens all over the world. AME sites.

Building climate resilience

Modern economic development cannot proceed without taking into account climate change, likewise, the transition to greener technologies cannot progress without taking into account the vast majority of humanity in the developing world. As we saw during the Covid-19 pandemic, no country or community is immune from the threat of climate change and as we experienced with the Covid-19 pandemic, the consequences will most certainly be felt unevenly, with the poorest and most vulnerable countries. peoples again bearing the heaviest burden for a problem that was not their fault.

So the climate debate is about more than setting goals without achievable roadmaps and making promises just to achieve compliance. That’s why, at Barrick, we not only strive to develop strong emissions reduction targets for our operations that are grounded in the realities of climate science to address the root causes of climate change, but also to ensure that we create a sustainable business that continues to uplift our communities and host countries. By sharing the benefits of our activity with our partners and local stakeholders, we play a key role in strengthening their resilience in the face of a changing world.

We are also looking and working beyond our mine doors to identify integration opportunities and the capacity needed to weather the storm. We have sought to scale up our current development projects that aim to build capacity in developing communities that may be affected by the transition to a low carbon world so that they are not left behind.

For example, for nearly a decade in our Kibali mine, we have worked to give a remote part of the DRC a head start on green energy through the construction of three hydroelectric plants and the rehabilitation of a fourth. These facilities provide the energy necessary for the clean running of our operations, they also provide vital electricity to local communities. On a smaller scale, we offer resettled community members the opportunity to access micro-hydropower or solar power when building or receiving their new homes, helping to build the resilience of the community. community and reduce emissions.

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Taliban announce girls’ high school Sat, 16 Oct 2021 03:00:00 +0000

UNITED NATIONS (PA) – A senior UN official said on Friday that the Taliban had told him they would announce “very soon” that all Afghan girls would be allowed to attend secondary schools.

UNICEF Deputy Executive Director Omar Abdi, who visited Kabul last week, told reporters at UN headquarters that five of Afghanistan’s 34 provinces – Balkh, Jawzjan and Samangan in the northwest, Kunduz in the northeast and Urozgan in the southwest – already allow girls to attend secondary school.

He said the Taliban education minister told him they were working on “a framework” to allow all girls to continue their education beyond sixth grade, which is expected to be released “between one month And two”.

“As I speak to you today, millions of girls of secondary school age are being denied an education for the 27th day in a row,” Abdi said. “We urge them not to wait. Every day that we wait is a lost day for these girls who are out of school.

During the Taliban’s previous rule over Afghanistan from 1996 to 2001, they denied girls and women the right to education and prohibited them from working and participating in public life. Since taking control of Afghanistan on August 15 when US and NATO forces were in the final stages of their chaotic withdrawal from the country after 20 years, the Taliban have come under increasing international pressure to secure the rights of the United States. women in education and work.

Abdi said that at every meeting he urged the Taliban to “let the girls resume their learning”, calling it “critical for the girls themselves and for the country as a whole”.

When the Taliban were ousted from power in 2001 by a US-led coalition for harboring Osama bin Laden who orchestrated the September 11 attacks on the United States, only one million Afghan children were in school at all. the levels, he said.

Over the past 20 years that figure has grown to nearly 10 million children at all levels, including 4 million girls, Abdi said, and over the past decade the number of schools has tripled, from 6,000 to 18,000.

“The educational gains of the past two decades must be strengthened and not reversed,” he said.

But the deputy head of the United Nations Children’s Fund said despite the progress, 4.2 million Afghan children are out of school, including 2.6 million girls.

While all girls are allowed to attend secondary school, Abdi said, efforts still need to be made to overcome conservative resistance to allow them to get a secondary education.

“The authorities I met told me that when they put in place the framework they are working on, it will convince more parents to send their daughters to school,” because it will address the concerns of conservative societies. concerning the separation of girls and boys and girls. teachers, he said.

“So this has to be seen,” Abdi said.

While in Kabul, the UNICEF deputy chief said he had also visited a children’s hospital “and was shocked at how crowded it was with malnourished children, including some were babies ”.

Abdi said the health and social services system are on the verge of collapse, medical supplies are dwindling dangerously, epidemics of measles and watery diarrhea are increasing, and polio and COVID-19 remain. serious concerns.

“Even before the Taliban takeover, at least 10 million children across the country needed humanitarian assistance to survive,” he said, “and at least one million of these children are at risk of die of severe acute malnutrition if not treated immediately.

UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres urged the world to prevent the Afghan economy from collapsing and to help the Afghan people, a call echoed by Abdi who said “the situation is critical and that it will only get worse “.

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Tasmanian basketball blitz to provide practice clinics and boost economy Thu, 14 Oct 2021 21:12:53 +0000

Tasmania has won at least 14 NBL preseason games and two WNBL regular season games providing opportunities for community engagement, training camps and a boost to the Tasmanian economy.

The NBL Blitz will see six teams (Adelaide 36ers, Brisbane Bullets, Cairns Taipans, New Zealand Breakers, Perth Wildcats and Tasmania JackJumpers) based in Tasmania to play at least 14 preseason games in the north, northwest and south. State in November 2021, and will offer teams the opportunity to participate in activities and practice clinics with communities in the three regions. The Blitz will be free for residents of Tasmania.

The Blitz will conclude with a series of finals at MyState Bank Arena, with all matches scheduled to be broadcast or broadcast across Australia.

Basketball Tasmania General Manager Chris McCoy said, “The NBL Blitz was a fantastic success for our state a few years ago. Not only did the audience witness an exceptional quality of games and entertainment, but we were also very pleased with the community engagement, school visits, practice classes and training. of the arbitrators that have taken place.

The Blitz will be free for residents of Tasmania and is expected to generate over 4,000 overnight stays and a significant return to Tasmania’s economy.

The media launch for the 2021-22 NBL season will also be held in Tasmania and will include the presentation and official opening of the MyState Bank Arena.

Tasmanian Sports and Recreation Minister Jane Howlett said that “negotiations are currently underway for the New Zealand Breakers to potentially call Tasmania home for the start of the 2021-22 NBL season.

“Women’s basketball should benefit as well, with two WNBL regular season games being played between the Bendigo Spirit and the Southside Flyers between January and March 2022.

“This is a fantastic opportunity to showcase the journey of women and girls in basketball and to support Tasmania’s goals of having their own team in the WNBL in the years to come.”

Both WNBL teams will work with Tasmania’s NBL1 women’s teams, the Hobart Chargers and Launceston Tornadoes, to provide junior basketball clinics for young, aspiring basketball players.

The NBL and WNBL will work closely with Public Health in Tasmania to ensure the proper protocols are in place for teams to stay, train and play in the state in a COVID safe manner to keep them Tasmanians safe from the risk of COVID-19.

Image: Pictured at the announcement, Simon Brookhouse (CEO of JackJumpers), Chris McCoy (CEO of BTAS), Jack, Hon. Jane Howlett (Minister of Sports) and Brett McKay (President of the Hobart Chargers) courtesy of Basketball Tasmania

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Sri Lankan teachers’ unions stick to their guns, continue strike Wed, 13 Oct 2021 09:10:40 +0000

ECONOMYNEXT – After rejecting a government proposal to increase their salaries in two installments from 2022, an alliance of teachers’ unions and school principals in Sri Lanka said on Wednesday (13) that it would pursue what turned out to be one of the longest strikes in the history of the island.

Now in its fourth month, the strike is likely to derail government plans to reopen around 5,000 of the more than 10,000 schools that were closed for most of the year due to the COVID-19 outbreak. . The strike has already hampered distance learning efforts, as teachers have stayed away from online education since July.

The unions are stubbornly clinging to a demand for the implementation of the salary recommendations proposed in the Subodhini commission report. The Subhodnii report is a document produced by a committee appointed by a former Minister of Education.

“We have decided to continue our strike, asking the government to implement the recommendations of the Subodhini report in order to solve our problem,” Ceylon Teachers’ Union secretary Joseph Stalin told private television station Derana on Wednesday. .

Instead of Subodhini’s recommendations, Stalin said, the unions are receptive to another report from the current cabinet, but are against his proposal to increase their wages in four stages. The unions are demanding the increase in one step, he said.

” We have noticed that [Prime Minister Mahinda Rajapaksa] was trying to give us what we asked for, but the secretary of treasury and the director of budget proposals [was] saying it can’t be done, ”Stalin said.

A crucial round of talks took place on Tuesday (12) between union leaders and a group of ministers led by Prime Rajapalsa. The meeting ended without a decision.

“It was said at the meeting that they still had no money allocated for this in the budget. If a final decision is not made by October 21, when they say they will open some schools, we will make the decision to go to school or not, ”Stalin told Derana TV.

“We will also continue our strike with online education. We would have already started online education if these discussions had taken place earlier. The cabinet decision was released on August 30. We continued to request a meeting with the higher authorities, and only yesterday we had the opportunity.

Meanwhile, Sri Lankan ruling Podujana Peramuna MP SB Dissanayaka said the president and prime minister have tried to resolve the issue amicably.

“Teachers should come to school and start working. Otherwise, we must defeat and suppress the strike and restart the schools. It has been done in the past. Rich, advanced countries like Singapore have done it. Otherwise, they will always be like us, ”Dissanayake told reporters on Tuesday.

On Wednesday, the strike of teachers and directors over salary anomalies has continued for 94 days.

Teachers and school principals are at daggers drawn with the government demanding a solution to the salary issues that have plagued the service for 24 years.

Tuesday’s meeting aimed to end the strike before starting small schools with a student population of less than 200 on October 21.

At Tuesday’s meeting, the government proposed reducing the additional payment to two to three previously and maintained that it could not be granted immediately in the 2022 budget, Education Minister Dinesh Gunawardena said.

The persistent strike has already drawn criticism from the public, particularly over the way the government is handling the issue of teachers.

Minister Gunawardena previously declared the services of teachers and principals as a “closed service” on August 31.

The services of teachers and school directors are part of the public service. But declaring them a closed service will allow the government to treat teachers and principals separately from the rest of the civil service when resolving their demands for wage anomalies, wages, transfers and other benefits.

It also means that teachers and principals’ staff cannot be transferred to other public services.

The government earlier announced a special allowance of 5,000 rupees for teachers and principals who will be on duty in September and October 2021, when the government planned to hold scholarship exams. of advanced level and 5th year of the GCE.

The education ministry had postponed the two key reviews, amid much public criticism. (Colombo / Oct 13, 2021)

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“No way” for the Afghan economy to recover if women are stranded, says UN chief Mon, 11 Oct 2021 21:14:56 +0000

The UN chief said on Monday that Afghanistan was facing a “turning point”, urging the world to help stop the country’s looming economic collapse.

Secretary-General Antonio Guterres, acknowledging that women play a major role in the economy, called on the Taliban to respect their assurances that women will be allowed to work and receive an education.

Most of the Afghan economy, around 80 percent, is informal, according to Guterres, who said that “without them [women] there is no chance that the Afghan economy and society will recover. “

“Right now, with assets frozen and development aid suspended, the economy is collapsing,” Guterres told reporters at UN headquarters in New York. “Banks are closing and essential services, such as health care, have been suspended in many places.”

United Nations Secretary-General Antonio Guterres speaks at high-level meeting on the 20th anniversary of the adoption of the Durban Declaration at the 76th session of the United Nations General Assembly at the United Nations Headquarters in New York on September 22.
John Angelillo / Pool Photo via AP

For more Associated Press reporting, see below.

He said the UN is urgently calling on countries to pump money into the Afghan economy, which before the Taliban takeover in August depended on international aid which accounted for 75 percent of the country’s spending. ‘State. The country is grappling with a liquidity crisis as assets remain frozen in the United States and other countries, and disbursements from international organizations have been suspended.

The UN chief said injecting cash to prevent Afghanistan’s economic collapse is a separate issue from recognizing the Taliban, lifting sanctions, thawing frozen assets or restoring the international aid.

Guterres said money can be pumped into the Afghan economy “without violating international laws or compromising principles.” He said this could be done through United Nations agencies and a trust fund managed by the United Nations Development Program as well as non-governmental organizations operating in the country. He added that the World Bank can also create a trust fund.

The leaders of the world’s 20 largest economies, the G-20, hold a special meeting on Tuesday to discuss the complex issues surrounding Afghanistan. On the issue of “injecting liquidity into the Afghan economy,” Guterres said, “I think the international community is moving too slowly.”

The Taliban invaded most of Afghanistan as US and NATO forces were in the final stages of their chaotic withdrawal from the country after 20 years. They entered the capital, Kabul, on August 15 without any resistance from the Afghan army or the country’s president, Ashraf Ghani, who fled.

Guterres highlighted the Taliban’s promises since taking power to protect the rights of women, children, minority communities and former government employees, especially the ability for women to work and girls to have the same education. than boys.

“I am particularly alarmed to see the promises made to Afghan women and girls by the Taliban to be broken,” he said, stressing that “their ability to learn, to work, to own property and to live with rights and dignity will define progress “.

However, Guterres said that “the Afghan people cannot face collective punishment because the Taliban misbehaves.”

He said the humanitarian crisis in Afghanistan was worsening, affecting at least 18 million people, or half of the country’s population.

Guterres said the UN commits the Taliban every day to the safety and security of its personnel, unimpeded humanitarian access to all Afghans in need and human rights, especially for women and girls. “Gender equality has always been a top priority for me,” he said.

While humanitarian aid saves lives, it will not solve the country’s crisis unless an economic collapse is avoided, Guterres said.

“Obviously, the main responsibility for finding a way out of the abyss lies with those who are now in charge in Afghanistan,” he said.

Nonetheless, he warned, “if we do not act to help the Afghans weather this storm, and do it quickly, not only them, but the whole world will pay a heavy price.

Hazaras Women
UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres has said that without women, “there is no way the Afghan economy and society will recover.” Above, a Hazara woman and children walk through a village where people still live as they did centuries ago in Bamiyan on October 3.
BULENT KILIC / Getty Images
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Schools focus on basic skills to improve chances for poorest children Sun, 10 Oct 2021 03:26:33 +0000

At her primary school in Ndiebel, in western Senegal, Marietou Diagne has seen a marked improvement in her young students’ mastery of the basics of reading since she adopted a new teaching approach two years ago.

Children in the first three years now study in Wolof, their mother tongue, before switching to French, the country’s main language of instruction. On the basis of these stronger foundations, the aim is to improve children’s learning and progression through the education system.

“I have seen real progress,” says Diagne. “Children are much more comfortable and understand the essentials very quickly. They bring home books and their families can help them read. I have even had a few parents who say that younger children are better at reading than their older siblings.

Primary school teacher Marietou Diagne

It is part of Lecture Pour Tous, a program aimed at improving basic reading skills in six regions of Senegal. It deploys a structured approach to learning that uses specially developed materials, regular assessments and training and coaching for teachers.

The underlying principle is that children learn best initially in the dominant language of their family, community and playground, rather than in the official language of their country, because that is what they know. the best. Initial evaluations suggest a significant improvement in reading skills for children enrolled in the three local languages ​​in which the program operates, compared to those starting their first years in French.

The program highlights the potential for innovative approaches to improve the very low levels of basic learning in reading, writing and numeracy of hundreds of millions of children in low- and middle-income countries. Poor understanding leads to high dropout rates and limits the ability of those who remain to reach their full potential. It also illustrates the persistent obstacles to improvement, which only intensified during the Covid-19 pandemic.

The Fatick school uses learning materials in the local language Serere) developed within the framework of Lecture Pour Tous

Reading For All is atypical in several respects. Although it operates in a country with historic ties to France which are reflected in its school system and choice of official languages, it is funded by the United States Agency for International Development, a federal agency that administers aid foreign. USAID stresses that there is no attempt to undermine the transition to French instruction in later school years.

The program works closely with the government, enjoys strong long-term support, and has been sustained and expanded for several years with careful review and monitoring of results. This contrasts with many fragmented, poorly monitored, uncoordinated and unsustainable educational projects.

Ben Piper, senior director for education in Africa at RTI International, a nonprofit research institute, says he was able to identify less than a dozen similar examples in Asia and Africa for his research on ” large-scale programs with a significant impact on learning ”. In contrast, there are many small-scale pilot projects with insufficient evidence, providing little guidance as to whether or how they could be scaled up nationally, let alone replicated in other countries.

Students practice reading in their local language
Students practice reading in their local language

One of the successes is Pratham, a non-profit organization active in India that has long championed an approach to improving learning – “teaching at the right level” – currently being explored elsewhere. It deploys simple, rapid and regular assessments of each child’s progress, coupled with structured instructional techniques to help teachers ensure children are fluent in reading.

“Once you know how to read with some understanding, you can propel yourself,” says Rukmini Banerji, Managing Director of Pratham. “You can’t do math, science or even follow [furniture assembly] instructions unless you can read.

She stresses the need for educators to “put aside the safety cover of a progression and curriculum based on age and grade level” in schools and instead focus on understanding the issues. basic fundamental skills for every child.

These techniques are receiving new attention as evidence of learning setbacks caused by the coronavirus-caused classrooms closed, which has pushed children in rich and poor countries alike in recent months.

Banerji says Covid-19 prompted Pratham to redouble his efforts. Rather than just ‘connecting’ with out-of-school children, he tries to help them focus on formal learning. She sees a growing role for closer bonds between teachers and their families, using parents to help support learning outside of school.

Others point out that for many of the world’s poorest children, much broader action will be needed, both to progress towards the UN goals of quality education for all and to recover from it. pandemic. These include steps well beyond the classroom to address the underlying causes and consequences of poverty and discrimination.

The charity Save the Children published a report in September entitled Build Forward Better, in which it stressed the importance of well-being and physical safety; target the children most discriminated against, including those who do not go to school; more funding; more decentralization of decision-making; and more regularly collected and shared data to improve decisions.

Raby Gueye is the head of Teach for Senegal, an education development organization that this year recruited its first cohort of talented young professionals to work in schools across the country, says broader support to hire, train and supporting high quality teachers is essential to improve outcomes. “We just don’t have a lot of time or resources dedicated to training,” she says.

She praises the shift with Lecture pour Tous towards teaching basic literacy and numeracy in local languages, but also stresses the importance of social and emotional skills and broader structural concerns. “We have kept a colonial system and we have never asked why it is in place. There must be a conversation about the purpose of education.

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The Limits of Optimism | Thu, 07 Oct 2021 07:37:17 +0000

Prime Minister Kyriakos Mitsotakis (left) answers a question during a conversation at the Athens Democracy Forum on September 30. The Prime Minister appears confident that Greece will maintain robust growth rates over the next decade. [Dimitris Papamitsos/Prime Minister’s Office/InTime News]

There are at least two reasons for the current optimism about the Greek economy: a stronger-than-expected recovery, above the European average, and funds from the European Recovery Fund, as well as other important European funds that may support growth. The positive situation is reflected in a series of individual indicators, from interest rates and real estate to industrial production and exports.

Of course, the strong recovery also reflects the previous deep recession and was accompanied by a large budget deficit. The substantial financial support given by Europe was planned precisely because the Greek economy combines a high level of public debt with an equally worrying investment deficit. Assuming the damage from the pandemic heals, in terms of GDP, over the next few months, it is possible to program a high growth rate, around 3% per year over the next decade, which can cover the losses. of the decade-long crisis. and transform the image of the country. However, this can only happen under certain conditions, and it will not happen automatically.

The Greek economy still has a long way to go to reach the European average. To put it on a stable positive trajectory, its production base must be strengthened, with an increase in labor, investment and productivity. A series of related policy measures are positive. Some are dealing with leftovers from the previous crisis, such as nonperforming loans. Some are part of the process necessary to modernize and fill obvious gaps, such as the digitization of public services. Others are indicators of new funding priorities, such as vocational training programs for the unemployed. For this significant growth scenario to become a reality, it must be supported in a coherent and comprehensive manner by the policy framework.

In an economy, households, businesses and investors are guided by incentives. They can be pushed towards innovative entrepreneurship or a parasitic relationship with the government, towards productive investments or occasional expenditure, towards strengthening human capital or the informal economy. Incentives are shaped by existing measures and policies, their long-term credibility and the way they are applied and perceived by society. For the gradual and necessary change of incentives for the Greek economy, it is crucial to ensure the continuity and consistency of policy measures.

As an indication, the legislation on supplementary pensions for young workers in a funded system was, to say the least, an obvious intervention. It strengthens incentives for formal work, as any future pension will depend on accumulated contributions. However, if one does not succeed in building long-term trust and making credible the intentions to shake up the existing system, any positive impact will be in vain. As a result, as the very small size of many firms hinders productivity and wages, tax incentives have been provided for mergers. This positive step will nevertheless require measures to reduce the administrative burden on businesses, as this is the main reason why they remain small and engaged in informal activities. Even in higher education, the introduction of a minimum entry mark is a positive development, especially to prevent young people from becoming trapped. It is, however, necessary to accompany this reform with a material upgrading of vocational training, as a reliable alternative, and of equal opportunities.

In critical issues such as those mentioned above, individual actions can have a positive impact. However, if we accept the need for a change in the incentives and structure of the economy, coherence of interventions is necessary, as well as clear indicators and a markup of the envisaged trajectory. Other stronger economies can venture out with only limited adjustments, but Greece’s not. If, in the end, the new European funds only serve to strengthen the existing structure, the expected growth will simply never materialize. Optimism about the economy should be there, but directly linked to the desire and the ability to support change.

Nikos Vettas is the Managing Director of the Foundation for Economic and Industrial Research (IOBE) and a professor at the Athens University of Economics and Business.

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Cloud CRM Market Outlook 2021 – Record Markets Ahead of Global Economy Acceleration Wed, 06 Oct 2021 16:38:00 +0000

Cloud CRM Marketplace

Improving the reach of digital actions and customer skills and facilities are the factors driving the demand for CRM solutions in various industries globally

PORTLAND, OR, USA, Oct 6, 2021 / – Various factors such as increased digitization, government compliances and increased demand for customer relationship management in the vertical nonprofit industry are driving growth global cloud CRM market. In addition, the adoption of cloud-based services in education and health, increasing demand for digital payments, reducing operating costs, low deployment costs, improving the efficiency are some of the key factors in the growth of this market. However, privacy, safe from computer theft and may hamper the growth of the market. The growing demand for cloud-based CRM in healthcare, education, and startups with the launch of new products is expected to provide multiple opportunities for the cloud CRM market.

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Key market players: Microsoft Corp., Oracle Inc., SAP SSE, SugarCRM Inc., Salesforce Corp., Google Inc., Workday Inc., IBM Corp., Workday Inc., Citrix Corp.

Impact of COVID-19 on the Cloud CRM market:

• The emergence of the COVID-19 pandemic has severely affected almost all industries around the world. In addition, lockdowns and restrictions on the movement of non-essential goods as well as resources in various countries have disrupted the supply chain of electronic components and network equipment. This resulted in a delay in the supply of the electronic components needed to manufacture the network equipment.
• Companies continued to expand cloud services and application development service during the pandemic. Before the pandemic took hold, various organizations provided manual publishing of applications to customers.

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‘Badly Wise, Even Dangerous’: Think Tank Criticizes Government of Alberta’s Post-Secondary Education Strategy Tue, 05 Oct 2021 23:44:04 +0000

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The Alberta government’s plan to transform post-secondary education is “ill-advised and even dangerous,” a new think-tank report warns.


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On Tuesday, the Parkland Institute, a non-partisan research center located at the University of Alberta, published a report criticizing Alberta 2030: Building Skills for Jobs, the province’s 10-year plan to focus higher education on job skills and training.

University of Lethbridge sociology professor Trevor Harrison, who is also a former director of the Parkland Institute, co-authored the report and said the strategy proposes significant changes and cuts that will have a “drastic and dramatic effect. negative ”on the province’s post-secondary education system. .

“Alberta 2030 means reducing education to immediate vocational training and not preparing students for the job market of the future or preparing for the kind of economy we want in this province,” he said. .


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Part of the problem with the strategy, he added, is that it cites misleading statistics from Alberta 2019 MacKinnon report.

According to the MacKinnon report, Richard Mueller, professor of economics at the University of Lethbridge, said Alberta spends between $ 5,000 and $ 15,000 more per full-time student than Quebec, Ontario and the United States. British Columbia.

But these findings, he added, which group together all post-secondary institutions, including community colleges and vocational schools, are misleading.

“For many reasons, these community colleges and vocational schools have been set up in small rural areas and are very expensive to operate,” he said. But once those schools are separated from the results, “the numbers are totally different” from the degree-granting institutions, he added.


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“The numbers show that Alberta has higher costs in the college system, and not so much in the university system,” Mueller explained.

Rafat Alam, president of the MacEwan University Faculty Association in Edmonton, agreed that data from Alberta 2030 compares “apples to oranges” in terms of per capita spending, and took issue with the plan’s mention. ” a performance-based funding model for institutions.

“The academic literature has shown too many times that performance-based funding offers no efficiency gains,” he said. “It’s just not effective.”

Alam was also concerned about the type of graduates the Alberta 2030 strategy would produce in a post-COVID world in need of an economic recovery. Quoting the Conference Board of Canada, a nonprofit think tank that analyzes economic trends, Alam said Alberta’s future lies in a knowledge-based economy that depends on education, not knowledge. training.


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“What the university system provides is education, which is more appropriate for a future diverse knowledge base,” he said.

Harrison added that Alberta’s economy has changed over the past 20 to 30 years and that the oil and gas industry will not be a reliable economic driver in the future, given the volatile price of oil and the adoption of automation in industry.

While the Alberta 2030 strategy focuses on developing specific skills and training for a rapidly changing economy, Harrison said, university and college education can provide the kind of “deep learning” and critical thinking skills. that will be important in the future.

“If Alberta is to get ahead of that curve and prepare our students for this future economy, we need to have some kind of comprehensive education – the kind of thing that post-secondary universities and colleges in particular have been very good at. over the years. . “


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In a statement to Postmedia, Laurie Chandler, press secretary to Alberta Higher Education Minister Demetrios Nicolaides, said the government has engaged representatives from post-secondary institutes across Alberta to create an affordable system. and affordable designed to meet future economic demands.

She also cited findings from the Conference Board of Canada, which indicated that economic changes have created a need to focus on lifelong learning where workers regularly update their skills, and employers are working with post-secondary institutes to develop shorter programs to do this.

“There is also a need to eliminate unnecessary duplication,” the statement said, “and stronger pathways are needed to improve the movement and transfer of students throughout the system, without having to repeat lessons.”



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PM instructs government agencies to achieve inclusive economy Tue, 05 Oct 2021 06:00:28 +0000

He made the remarks yesterday as he officiated at the Fifth People’s Economic Empowerment Workshop here, citing his priorities such as strengthening health services, protecting the community, water, electricity and free education work.

“Healthy and educated people with enabling infrastructure are essential components of our country’s economic growth,” he said.

Inclusive economic empowerment is a major requirement for sustainable growth, through which the government has organized the 2025 Development Vision which, among other aspects, focuses on an enabling environment that will allow the country to benefit economically, social, political and cultural.

Development Vision 2025 also emphasizes higher living standards, peace, solidarity, good governance and a robust competitive economy, he noted, noting that the government has developed various policies aimed at sustainable development and an inclusive economy.

Among these policies is the 2004 National People’s Economic Empowerment Policy, which he described as a pilot policy on economic issues, defining strategies to ensure the full participation of the population in economic growth.

He said ministerial, regional authorities and public institutions involved in empowerment must ensure that President Samia Suluhu Hassan’s good intention to enable the country to achieve an inclusive economy is achieved.

“Create people empowerment centers that would provide lending, training and formalization services for economic activities and market research, as provided for in the CCM 2020 Manifesto,” he explained.

Authorities from the Ministry of Education, Science and Technology as well as Industry and Commerce, as well as institutions such as the Small Industries Development Organization (SIDO), the Vocational Education and Training Authority (VETA) and other educational institutions should provide training tailored to the needs of domestic and foreign markets, so that beneficiaries can connect in these areas of supplying goods and services, he said.

Local councils should create an enabling environment and allocate areas for entrepreneurs and small traders, especially women, youth and people with disabilities, to engage in income-generating activities.

Likewise, he unveiled the People’s Economic Empowerment Database under the National Economic Empowerment Council (NEEC), intended to connect service providers and investors with various empowerment institutions.

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